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Accidents and Emergency

School Accident/ Injury Policy

This policy was originally drafted in March 2015 as a response to newly enacted Health & Safety legislation. A separate contract has been devised covering external agencies using the school premises outside of school hours.

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Rationale:

The formulation of this policy enables our school to effectively;

  • Provide for the immediate needs and requirements of students who have sustained either a serious or a minor injury
  • Ensure that adequate resources and arrangements are in place to deal with injuries/accidents as they arise
  • Ensure lines of communication with parents/guardians are in place if required
  • Activate a known plan of action with which all staff are familiar

 

Roles and Responsibilities:

The overall responsibility for the day to day management of school supervision /routines rests with the Principal.  The class teacher is responsible for classroom supervision and teachers on yard duty are directly responsible for the supervision of pupils at break time.  The schools Health and Safety Officer is Mrs.Geraghty.  The First Aid Officers are Mrs.Geraghty and Mr. Kinnarney.  Fire Drill coordinator is Mr. Kinnarney

 

School Ethos:

This policy re-enforces the elements of the school mission statement which advocates providing a safe and secure learning environment for each child and ensuring a duty of care at all times when the school is in operation.

 

Aims/Objectives:

  • To ensure the physical safety and well being of all staff and pupils
  • To develop a framework of procedures whereby all injuries are dealt with in a competent and safe manner
  • To provide training for staff with the effective use of outside expertise so that children have access to proper interventions
  • To comply with all legislation relating to safety and welfare at work

 

Procedures:

Safety of pupils and staff is a priority for the Board of Management, and robust measures have been put in place to ensure no children or staffs are put at risk;

  • A comprehensive school Safety Statement has been recently revised whereby all hazards are identified and remedial measures are outlined
  • The school is insured under Church and General Insurances and a 24 hour policy, underwritten by Alliance Insurances is in place for all children
  • The provision of specialist first aid training for staff has been identified as a priority by Board of Management
  • Each classroom teacher regularly instructs his/her class on issues relating to safety in the class/yard.  Dangerous practices such as climbing trees, climbing goalposts, throwing stones, running fast in the Infant areas, engaging in “horseplay”, fighting etc. are subject to severe sanctions (see School Anti-Bullying and Discipline Policies)
  • Certain procedures are in place in the event of accidents
  • There is at least one teacher and one adult on yard duty at any one time

 

Minor Accident/Injury

The injured party is initially looked after by the teacher on yard duty.  If deemed necessary, the child will be taken to the ‘hall’ which is beside the staff room.  No medicines are administered but cuts are cleaned with anti septic wipes and bandages/plasters applied if deemed appropriate.  The use of plastic gloves is advised at all times.  Parents are notified as a matter of protocol.

 

More Serious Accidents/Injuries

If considered safe to do so, the injured party is taken to the hall.  Parents/guardians are immediately informed, particularly if there is a suspicion of broken bones/head or eye injuries.  The child is kept under intense observation until parents /guardians arrive, with the emphasis on making the child as comfortable and as settled as possible.

 

Very Serious Injuries

In the event of a very serious injury, parents/guardians are immediately contacted.  If the considered opinion of the staff is that immediate professional help is required, an ambulance is called.  On rare occasions the staff may agree that taking the child to Accident & Emergency in a private car is a more prudent option particularly in the case of rapid blood loss.  Parents are kept informed of developing situations.

 

Categories of Injury/School Procedures

Minor Cuts and Bruises

Method:

In all cases of injury it is understood that there is at least one teacher on yard duty.

  • Clean around cuts using antiseptic wipe/cloth, cleaning from the centre outwards
  • Gloves are used at all times to reduce risk of spread of infection
  • A check is carried out to locate small bodies which may be embedded in the wound
  • Plaster, gauze or lint is placed on the wound
  • Teacher observation is maintained
  • Children are advised to show/tell parents
  • In sports, helmets must be worn

 

Sprains/Bruises

Method:

  • In the event of a sprain/bruise, the process of rest, ice, compress and elevate is implemented
  • If in doubt, parent/s are contacted
  • Teacher observation is maintained

 

Faints and Shocks

  • Lie the casualty down
  • Raise the legs above the level of the heart
  • Loosen any tight clothing
  • Ensure there is fresh air
  • Keep crowds away
  • Reassure casualty when they recover
  • Contact parents
  • The event is subsequently recorded in the appropriate Accident Book

 

Severe Bleeding

  • Act instantly – Go, Go, Go!
  • Set or lie the injured party down
  • Press down on wound using gloves
  • Lift (if possible) the injured part above the level of the heart
  • Put a clean dressing over the wound and secure it firmly with a bandage
  • If blood shows through the dressing then place another one over the first and bandage firmly
  • Treat for shock
  • GET HELP!
  • Contact parents
  • If very serious contact casualty immediately
  • Record in accident book

 

Burns/Scalds

  • Immediately remove child from danger area
  • Cool burnt area with cold running water
  • Remove rings etc. and other tight fitting accessories
  • Do not remove objects stuck to skin
  • In the event  of a minor burn use a special burn gauze/burneze

 

Unconsciousness

  • Ring for medical help
  • Place child in recovery position
  • Ring for parents
  • Check for broken bones, neck or back injury
  • If subject is not breathing, artificial respiration is applied
  • Other children are kept away

 

Stings/Bites

  • Appropriate spray is used for stings
  • If case is serious, parent/s are contacted

 

The First Aid Policy is based on collective teacher input.  The teacher on yard duty is automatically assisted by others in the case of a serious injury.

 

Resources:

The first aid box is located in the hall/staff room.  All staff are aware of this.  The contents of such boxes are replenished when deemed necessary by Mrs. Geraghty and Mr. Kinnarney (liaise with Parents Association)

 

Record Keeping:

All accidents/injuries are recorded in the Accident Report Book which is located in the office.  Three Accident Report Book covers all children in the school.  Teachers are encouraged to keep a separate copy of accident report forms relating to injuries sustained by children in their class.  The accident report form lists date and time of accident, witnesses, nature of injuries, a brief description of the circumstance of the accident, procedures followed by staff etc.  Very serious injuries will be notified to the schools insurers – Special Incident Report Form.  Relevant medical information on all pupils is obtained at time of enrolment.  This section asks parents to list allergies and other medical conditions their child may have.

 

Evaluation:

The success of this policy is measured from set criteria;

  • Maintaining a relatively accident free school environment
  • Positive feedback from staff, parents, children
  • Continual yard observation of behaviour by all staff engaged in supervision duties
  • Monitoring and evaluation at staff meetings

 

Ratification:

This revised policy was ratified by the Board of Management in 2016

 

 


Procedure for Contacting Parents in Case of an Accident/Emergency

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  • A contact number for each child is kept on file in the office.
  • If it is deemed necessary to bring a child to a doctor or to Hospital, every effort is made to contact the parent or guardian. They are requested to come to the school to accompany the child. If it proves impossible to contact a parent or guardian the Emergency Procedure for such situations applies.
  • Mr. Kinnarney and Mrs. Geraghty have the duty of First Aid as his post of responsibility. In the case of an emergency, if the parent or guardian is unavailable, the Principal and Vice Principal will use their best judgement in the particular situation.

 

Administration of Medicines

Children with long term health problems
It is recognised that it is desirable for children with long term recurring health problems, such as asthma, epilepsy, diabetes and anaphylaxis to be accommodated within school in order that they can continue their education. If this is done, however, proper and clearly understood arrangements for administration of medicines must be made. Parents should be encouraged to provide maximum support and assistance in helping the school accommodate the pupil. This would include measures such as self-administration (where necessary and only after approval from the Principal) or under parental supervision. Where children are suffering from life threatening conditions, parents/guardians should outline clearly in writing what can, or can’t be done in a particular emergency situation, with particular reference to what may be a risk to the child.


Emergency Procedure in the case of a child being seriously ill or having an accident where parent/guardian/family connection is uncontactable

Should it arise that no parent/guardian or family connection can be contacted in the case of accident or serious hurt the Principal, together with an auxillary staff member, would deem it necessary to accompany the child to Hospital.
 
Procedure for children who are not collected from school
In circumstances where a child/children are not collected from school at the appropriate time and all contact numbers given have failed it is considered necessary that the Principal and another member of staff will stay on the school premises with the child until the child is collected.